Correctional Ministries and
Chaplains Association

Reentry - Community and Family Support

Bilchik, Shay, et al. Family Engagement in Reentry for Justice-Involved Youth. New York: National Reentry Resource Center, 2010.

Four presentations regarding the need for families to be involved in the reentry process for released youth are contained in this document. The presentations include: the Family Justice Program—defining family broadly, strength-based approach, impact of family and other social support on reentry outcomes, youth voices, juvenile corrections staff survey, probation and correctional leaders survey, and youth genograms; a family-focused approach to juvenile corrections—California Department of Correction and Rehabilitation Division of Juvenile Justice; engaging families in the community—Adolescent Portable Therapy (APT); and a movement of change—national examples of integrating a family-focused, strength-based approach.

 

Brazzell, Diana, et al. From the Classroom to the Community: Exploring the Role of Education during Incarceration and Reentry. New York: City University of New York, John Jay College of Criminal Christian, Johnna, et al. Bringing Families In: Recommendations of the Incarceration, Reentry and the Family Roundtables. Newark: New Jersey Institute for Social Justice, Rutgers University, 2006.

Recommendations for "facilitating the connections between [New Jersey] prisoners and their families and in preparing both for the process of reentry" are given (p. 3). Central findings and recommendations are provided for Department of Correction (DOC), State Parole Board, Department of Human Services (DHS) and the Department of Children and Families, Juvenile Justice Commission (JJC), family members, incarcerated individuals, community based organizations, advocacy groups, universities/educational institutions, and Department of Education/schools.

http://www.njisj.org/document/FinalRecommendations.pdf

 

The Connections Project. Germantown, MD: National Fatherhood Initiative, 2011.

If your agency is looking for ways to reduce the recidivism of fathers returning to the community, this program might be for you. “The Connections Project is an initiative that focuses on the power of engaged fathers for successful reentry.” This website provides access to information about Connections, tools for practitioners, tools for fathers, the Connections Forum, success stories, and contact information.

 

Justice, Prison Reentry Institute, 2009.

This monograph examines the “current state of education during education and reentry and identifie[s] promising programmatic and policy directions” (p. 3). Parts contained in this publication include: introduction—education, reincarceration, and reentry; the current landscape of education during incarceration and reentry; research on the effectiveness of correctional education; education behind the walls—challenges and opportunities; from classroom to community—education and reentry.

 

Crayton, Anna, et al. Partnering with Jails to Improve Reentry: A Guidebook for Community-Based

Organizations. Washington DC: Urban Institute, 2010. Anyone looking to create a partnership between a community-based organization (CBO) and a jail reentry program will find this publication very helpful. This guidebook is divided into these sections: introduction; understanding the big picture, incarceration and jail reentry; developing and sustaining a partnership with the local jail; working with the jail population and in the jail environment; examples of strong partnerships between CBOs and jails; resources for the field; and conclusion. Appendixes provide sample memoranda of understanding, sample release of information forms, and partnership profiles.

 

Engaging Fathers for Successful Reentry: Research, Tips, Best Practices. Germantown, MD: National Fatherhood Initiative, 2011.

A selection of fact sheets “connect the dots between eight of the most significant reentry challenges and the need to engage incarcerated and reentering fathers in becoming better dads” (p. 3). This report covers housing, employment, marriage and relationships, substance abuse, mentoring and community support, child support, involving moms, and domestic violence.

 

Hairston, Creasie Finney, et al. Coming Home from Prison: Family Matters. London, OH: Institute for Excellence in Justice, 2008.

Access to keynote remarks, comments, Q and A, presentations, and handouts from a seminar on the impact of families on community reentry are available at this website. "Families as sources of support, conflict and domestic violence, parent-child relationships, and parole practices and expectations are among the topics covered" (p. 1).

 

Leverentz, Andrea M. People, Places, and Things: The Social Process of Reentry for Female Ex-Offenders. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, 2006.

The process of and factors that impact the reentry of female ex-offenders are investigated. Chapters following an abstract are: issues in female offending and reentry; methodology; origins of offending; intimate relationships and desistance -- family; romantic relationships and friends; education and employment; housing and neighborhood; and the social context of reentry.

 

Nellis, Ashley, Richard Hooks Wayman, and Sara Schirmer. Back on Track: Supporting Youth Reentry from Out-of-Home Placement to the Community. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2009.

“Public safety is compromised when youth leaving out-of-home placements are not afforded necessary supportive services upon reentering their communities and are therefore at great risk to recidivate into criminal behavior” (p.5). This report provides guidance and recommendations for achieving successful reentry services and programs. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; characteristics of reentry youth; collateral consequences associated with out-of-home placement; essential components of youth reentry services; effective outcomes for youth reentry; federal support for reentry in the child welfare system; principles for effective youth reentry; and recommendations for federal leadership in youth reentry.

 

Pettway, Coretta. Best Practices Tool-Kit: Family Involvement during Incarceration and Reentry. London, OH: Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction, 2008.

Aims to identify empirical evidence regarding strategies, programs and practices geared toward family involvement during incarceration and reentry. Topics include family of the incarcerated, families and reentry, maintaining and facilitating familial involvement, and exemplary programs.

 

Ready4Reentry Prisoner Reentry Toolkit for Faith-Based and Community Organizations. Washington, DC: Center for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, 2008.

A promising practices guide for small to medium sized faith-based and community organizations interested in starting or bolstering reentry efforts. Nine sections are contained in this publication: launching a reentry organization; designing an effective program structure; forming successful partnerships; recruiting clients and volunteers; crafting intensive case management; removing barriers to employment through supportive services; implementing effectual employment preparation; succeeding at job placement; mentoring adult ex-prisoners; monitoring program success; and conclusion.

 

Shanahan, Ryan, and Sandra Villalobos Agudelo. Close to Home: Building on Family Support for People Leaving Jail. New York: Vera Institute of Justice, Family Justice Program, 2011.

Most research and programming about incarcerated people and their family support systems focus on prison settings. Because jail is substantially different from prison—most notably, time served there is usually shorter—it is not clear that policies and practices that work in prisons can be applied successfully in jails. This report describes the Family Justice Program’s Close to Home project, which implemented the Relational Inquiry Tool (RIT)—a series of questions originally designed for and tested in prisons to stimulate incarcerated people’s thinking about supportive family members as a resource—in three jails in Maryland and Wisconsin. The report also discusses the results from qualitative and quantitative research at the three facilities, aimed at gauging the attitudes of jail staff, incarcerated men and women, and family members toward the RIT.

 

Solomon, Amy L., et al. Prisoner Reentry: Addressing the Challenges in Weed and Seed Communities. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center, 2006.

The ways in which Weed and Seed sites provide offender reentry programs and partner with local organizations is surveyed. Sections of this report cover: Weed and Seed involvement in prisoner reentry; target populations for reentry programs; reentry programs and strategies; program size; expected outcomes; partner organizations in Weed and Seed reentry efforts; the Weed and Seed/VISTA (Volunteers in Service to America) Reentry Initiative; innovative practices involving housing, employment, family, and community; barriers to reentry programming; technical assistance needs; experienced Weed and Seed sites are a resource; and looking forward.

 

Straight-Up: (Expanding) Mentoring of Current and Formerly Incarcerated Adults: Key Components of Successful Relationship-Building to Support Positive Change. Blaine, WA: National Coalition of Community-Based Correctional and Community Re-Entry Service Organizations, 2011.

“This paper contributes to identifying the determinants and characteristics of successful mentoring in the corrections and re-entry context. This analysis has application for formal mentors as well as for other front-line correctional staff and volunteers who seek effective interaction skills when engaging with current and formerly incarcerated individuals” (p. 3). Findings cover: mentoring as a support for positive post-prison outcomes; the context for mentoring relationships within corrections and reentry; the role of the mentorship-style of leadership; what mentoring is; the degree to which mentoring is effective; who is most likely to benefit from mentoring; identifying and selecting individuals for mentor guidance; demographics and mentoring; the relationships between a mentor and offender; and how to mentor.

 

They're Coming Back: An Action Plan for Successful Reintegration of Offenders that Works for Everyone. Philadelphia, PA: Philadelphia Consensus Group on Reentry and Reintegration of Adjudicated Offenders, 2002.

Strategies for implementing effective reintegration programs and interventions are provided. Following an executive summary, findings and recommendations are organized into five topic areas: personal empowerment, responsibility, and reconciliation; pre-release; legal; employment, education, and training; and community integration.

 

Travis, Jeremy, and Michelle Waul, eds. Prisoners Once Removed: The Impact of Incarceration and Reentry on Children, Families, and Communities. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 2003.

The impact of incarceration upon the prisoners themselves, the relationships between parents and children, and service networks is explored. Chapters in this book include: “Prisoners Once Removed: The Children and Families of Prisoners” by Jeremy Travis and Michelle Waul; “The Psychological Impact of Incarceration: Implications for Postprison Adjustment” by Craig Haney; “A Woman’s Journey Home: Challenges for Female Offenders” by Stephanie S. Covington; “The Skill Sets and Health Care Needs of Released Offenders” by Gerald G. Gaes and Newton Kendig; “From One Generation to the Next: How Criminal Sanctions Are Reshaping Family Life in Urban America” by Donald Braman and Jenifer Wood; “The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Perspectives, Promises, and Policies” by Ross D. Parke and K. Alison Clarke-Stewart; “The Adolescent Children of Incarcerated Parents: A Developmental Perspective” by J. Mark Eddy and John B. Reid; “Prisoners and Their Families: Parenting Issues During Incarceration” by Creasie Finney Hairston; “Criminal Justice and Health and Human Services: An Exploration of Overlapping Needs, Resources, and Interests in Brooklyn Neighborhoods” by Eric Cadora, Charles wartz, and Mannix Gordon; “Incarceration, Reentry, and Social Capital: Social Networks in the Balance” by Dina R. Rose and Todd R. Clear; and “Building Partnerships to Strengthen Offenders, Families, and Communities” by Shelli Balter Rossman.

 

VanDeCarr, Paul. Call to Action: How Programs in Three Cities Responded to the Prisoner Reentry Crisis. Philadelphia, PA: Public/Private Ventures, 2007.

"This report is the story of how programs in three cities responded to the reentry crisis, before they became part of the Ready4Work initiative" (p. 2). Chapters comprising this publication include: introduction -- getting out; Jacksonville (FL) case study -- a journey in progress; Memphis (TN) case study -- hearing the call; Washington, DC case study -- the most positive thing; and conclusion -- pioneers in reentry. Elements of a successful reentry program, be they internal components or external relations, are described.

 

Visher, Christy, Tobi Palmer, and Caterina Gouvis Roman. Cleveland Stakeholders' Perceptions of Prisoner Reentry. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center, 2007.

"This policy brief presents findings from interviews with stakeholders -- specific persons or organizations -- familiar with issues affecting individuals transitioning from prison to the community" (p. 1). Topics discussed include: barriers affecting successful reentry -- housing, employment, social services, community perception and public stigma, and personal barriers; solutions and suggested changes to policy and practice; the role of government agencies in addressing reentry; prison reentry in Ohio - an overview; finding from interviews with former prisoners; and City of Cleveland's reentry strategy.

 

Yoon, Jamie, and Jessica Nickel. Reentry Partnerships: A Guide for States & Faith-Based and Community Organizations. Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2008.

Recommendations are given on how states "can improve reentry, reduce recidivism, and build or improve collaborations with community-based service providers" (p. 3). Goals and recommendations explain how to: build and sustain comprehensive networks with faith-based and community organizations; simplify pathways to funding for reentry initiatives; tailor responses to the population that will be served by a reentry initiative; and how to ensure accountability for efficient use of funds and gather critical data.